QuoraUpdateCancelAnswer WikiAnswered 79w ago · Author has 4. 8m answer viewsIt helps to know that philology is the study of historic uses of language and how they've changed; there's a better definition if you Google philology definition. What are the elements of language particularly poetry that change?Words and their spelling and meaning; slang or common language alters more than formal languages.
Words often have parts that are root words in other languages, or suffixes, or changes in spelling to fit easier translation into sound. Formats, the style in which the poem is presented and why it is a good choice for the poem.
Blank space and its useRhyme, meter, and repetition and other style characteristics, and why it is a good choice for the poem. Language source and where a word might have changed from one culture to another and whyBesides language, you need to look at historical aspects and what a poem of this sort might mean:How the poet connects in a historical sense to other poetsWhat the effect of the message of the poem might be on audiences now compared to when it was written including the political, artistic, social, and personal ones, including yourself as readerLike any other critical essay you start by analyzing the raw material at hand, in this case the poem and the poem’s author, and the poet’s biography.
Specifically:Look at words that have multiple meanings. Look in the dictionary for the definitions and history of the word.
Look for information that identifies the culture and times: food, places, styles, formalities, names, work, modes of transport; look at the history of the time and put them in context.
What can you be critical about?The style changesEtc. Use the raw material to critique the poem and what it means to you after you've done the work.